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Visitors marvel at the collection of Ice Age animals in the Reed Gallery of the Age of Mammals, December 2007
Creator: David McKay
Date of Image: December 2007
ROM Links: Reed Gallery of the Age of Mammals
Museum ID Number: ROM2008_9673_7
Image Number: ROM2008_9673_7

Visitors stop to learn more about the Ice Age animal collection on display in the Gallery of the Age of Mammals, December 2007. Dominating this display is the large mastodont, Mammut Americanum, and the Stag-moose, Cervalces scotti.

The mastodon was one of the largest mammals living during the Pleistocene, from about 2 million years ago to 10,000 years ago. Along with the extinct mammoth, it belonged to the Proboscidea order, which now contains only one family—modern-day elephants. Smaller than a mammoth, the mastodon was similar in size to an elephant, but had a longer body, shorter legs, rounded teeth, and larger and longer tusks (up to five metres in length). A herbivore, the mastodon inhabited spruce and fir forests across North America, browsing on leaves, twigs, branches and shrubs.

The stag-moose lived during the Late Pleistocene, 12,000 years ago. It was the largest of the Ice Age deer species in North America, being slightly larger than a modern day moose. Like its living relative, the moose, this extinct species had palmate antlers; they were however, more elaborate and complex. The name palmate derives from the hand-like shape of the antlers — their flat, palm-like structure and projections extend outwards like fingers. Remains of the stag-moose have been discovered from central and eastern U.S.A. and southern Canada. It appears to have preferred a muskeg habitat, like the living moose.

The Reed Gallery of the Age of Mammals will feature over 400 impressive and unusual North and South American specimens, including 26 complete skeletons of extinct mammals, and 166 non-mammalian specimens.

Related Works:
ROM Images:Mammals

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