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Figure of a luohan
Moulded earthenware with glaze
Centimetres: 126.5 (height), 101 (width), 91 (depth)
11th century AD
Liao - Jin dynasty
Area of Origin: Reportedly from Yi Xian, Hebei province, China
Area of Use: Yi Xian ?; Hebei ?; China; Asia
Matthews Family Court of Chinese Sculpture
Gift of Mrs. H.D. Warren

Description: A Luohan (Arhat in Sanskrit) is a holy monk striving to attain Buddhahood through meditation. In Chinese temples, Luohans are usually found in groups of 16 or 18. This particular clay sculpture comes from a famous group discovered in a cave near Yixian in 1912. At least seven of this group are now kept in various museums in Europe and North America.

Publications: Jin Shen (2003), "Tan Hebei Yixin Bafowa Liaodai Sancaitao luohan", Wenwu chunqiu, 2003, no. 2, pp. 61-63:fig. 1. Smithies, Richard (2001), "A Luohan from Yizhou in the University of Pennsylvania Museum", Orientations 32, no.2, pp. 51-56: fig. 8. Murowchick, Robert E., editor (1994), China: Ancient Culture, Modern Land, Cradles of Civilization series, Weldon Russell, North Sydney, Australia, p. 130. Far Eastern Department, Royal Ontario Museum (1992), Homage to Heaven, Homage to Earth: Chinese Treasures of the Royal Ontario Museum, University of Toronto Press, Toronto, pl. 101. Smithies, Richard (1984), "The Search for the Lohans of I-Chou (Yixian)", Oriental Art 30, no. 3, pp. 260-274: fig. 7. Dohrenwend, Dorie (1979), "Far Eastern Department: Arts of Buddhist Asia", Arts of Asia 9, no. 2, pp. 62-76: fig. 9. Staff of the Far Eastern Department (1972), Chinese Art in the Royal Ontario Museum, Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto, no. 111. Wolf, Marion (1969), "The Lohans from I-chou," Oriental Art 15, no. 1, pp. 51-57: fig. 6. Trubner, Henry (1968), Royal Ontario Museum: The Far Eastern Collection, Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto, pl. 76. Heinrich, Theodore Allen (1963), Art Treasures in the Royal Ontario Museum, McClelland and Stewart, Toronto, p. 55.

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