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"A Sketch on Lake Huron," Southern Algonquian
Paul Kane (1810 Mallow, Ireland–1871 Toronto, Canada)
Oil on canvas
46 x 74.2 cm
Area of Origin: Thirty Thousand Islands, Georgian Bay, Ontario, Canada
The Honourable George William Allan Collection
Gift of Sir Edmund Osler

Description: "Sketch No. 1 represents an Indian encampment amongst the islands of Lake Huron; the wigwams are made of birch-bark, stripped from the trees in large pieces and sewed together with long fibrous roots; when the birch tree cannot be conveniently had, they weave rushes into mats, called Apuckway, for covering, which are stretched round in the same manner as the bark, upon eight or ten poles tied together at the top, and stuck in the ground at the required circle of the tent, a hole being left at the top to permit the smoke to go out. The fire is made in the centre of the lodge, and the inmates sleep all round with their feet towards it." (Paul Kane, "Wanderings of an Artist," 1859:6–7)

Exhibit History: Daphne Cockwell Gallery of Canada: First Peoples (ROM), December 2005-December 2008

Publications: Harper, Russell J. 1971. "Paul Kane's Frontier." Toronto: University of Toronto Press. Kane, Paul. 1859. "Wanderings of an Artist Among the Indians of North America." London: Longman, Brown, Green, Longmans & Roberts. Lister, Kenneth R. 2010. "Paul Kane /the Artist/: Wilderness to Studio." Toronto: Royal Ontario Museum Press.

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