Chalcolithic Era; Halaf Phase; circa 5th to 4th millennium BC
Area of Origin: Northern Mesopotamia; Syria/Iraq; Halaf(?); Mesopotamia
Area of Use: Halaf(?); Northern Syria(?); Northern Mesopotamia(?)
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Description: Figures of this kind span 5000 years of human history. While the individual style of the artists differed, these figures tend to exaggerate physical attributes associated with child bearing: breasts, hips, and the pubic area. Roundness in the figure symbolized fertility, but we are not certain whether these figures represent mother goddesses or real mothers. Here the clay modelling is limited to the hips, arms, breasts and a largely featureless head. The details of the face, jewellery and body adornment are depicted through the medium of paint.